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The Golden-tailed Parrotlet

Birds are interesting creatures that must be studied and explored closely in order to ascertain their habits, scientific information and other relevant points which explain exactly why they behave the way that they do. With this in mind, you need to be sure that you take the time and energy to learn about some of the more interesting bird species, such as the Golden-tailed parrotlet. This is a type of bird that is interesting due to the fact that it is threatened. This bird's vulnerability is high, which is why preservationists are continuously doing all that they can to learn more about it and see how they can protect its environment. With this in mind, read on and learn as much as you can about this bird so that you can understand it a bit and also contribute to conservation efforts.

What are some of the scientific points that I should know about the Golden-tailed parrotlet?

When it comes to learning about animals of all different types, you need to gain an understanding of their scientific classifications and other relevant points. For instance, this bird is part of the animalia kingdom and part of the chordata phylum. In terms of the bird's class, it is part of the aves class, which refers to beings that have wings and fly or glide. In terms of the order, this bird is part of the psittaciformes order. It is also part of the psittacoidea superfamily and the psittacidae family. Further, the subfamily that the Golden-tailed parrotlet belongs to is arinae. Further, the species of this bird os T. Surdus, while the genus is touit. By understanding these very key scientific details, you will have a better opportunity to figure out its habits, while also conducting more research into the way that this animal behaves and operates.

What are some behavioral traits and distinguishing features of this bird?

In terms of traits, this bird belongs to the same family as the parrot. You will find these birds in forests, tropical areas, subtropical areas and rainforests, as the Golden-tailed parrotlet is native to Brazil. It is a rare bird that tends to travel in small flocks when spotted. However, because this bird is severely threatened, it is not uncommon to see them by themselves at times.

There are a number of wildlife reserves and enthusiasts groups that continuously study this bird, so by having some foundational information, you will be in a better position to learn more about this bird and join in on some of the conservation efforts, whether through labor, research or donations.

With these points in mind, you can consider these tips a starting point for learning as much as you can about the Golden-tailed parrotlet. This is a very interesting bird that is threatened, which makes it all the more important to learn as much as you possibly can about it. Follow these pieces of information so that you are better able to learn all that you can about this bird.

Decide Your Pets Nutrition Wisely!!

In todays time, a home with a pet is a stress buster!! A pet encompasses within itself the power to lessen your burdens for a short span of time and lets you be happy at your abode. Pets also have certain specific needs and requirements relating to their health which is determined by the nutrition they consume. As humans, we require a nutritious diet that fulfills the day to day activity of our lives and also provides us immense stamina to accomplish our goals in life. Synonymous to the same, dog also need nutritious food to lead a fit and healthy lifestyle. But differentiating from our health needs, pets have different needs and they have specific food requirements that ought to be fulfilled by the pets owner in any situation. Pet nutrition is a diet that comprises of all the essential nutrients that are necessary for the pets health and neglecting the same will lead to bizarre health issues for it.

Facts that need to be considered while deciding a pets nutrition

The dogs which are small in size and low in activity require about 185 to 370 calories on a day to day basis while on the other hand, a large dog weighing in the range of about 67 to 88 pounds have a requirement starting from 1000 and going up to 2000 calories. The intake of food and their requirements also depends largely on the gender and level of the activity of the pet. Thus, it needs to be kept in mind that the pet should be given the food on regular intervals and in proportionate amount that caters to the needs of the same. Many a times, unknowingly pet owners give food that is much more than the requisite amount due to which the dog suffers from being over weight which leads to various stomach disorders. Now, talking about cats, a kitty which has a weight of about 10 pounds requires about 220 to 350 calories per day which is exactly the number present in little ounces of cheese. The weight charts are bad for cats too as the pet owners give a lot of food in the meal time to the pet which leads to amplification in the weight of the pet. As pets are much more active and eager to explore the world outside, their diet should also be so designed that it fits in well with their daily routine and provide them the desired amount of energy and build their stamina yet be suitable to the needed amount of calories in a day.

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About Parrotlets And Breeding Them

Parrotlets are sometimes referred to as pocket parrots. They are related to Amazons and can be quite easy to breed and maintain because of their small size.

They do not screech, so they are perfect companions whether you live in a large home or a small apartment. They are confident, silly and it all comes in the form of an adorable bundle of green feathers though they do come in other colors.

If you are interested in owning a parrotlet, obtain them from a reputable breeder. You will want to keep your ownership to just one bird, however. As soon as two or more get together, they can interact with each other enough that human companionship is just not needed. These birds can learn to talk and say short phrases.

Pacific species of the bird is widely available in the United States. The second most common species is the Green Rumped bird. You can purchase normal-colored Parrotlets for about $250 or so.

They are an affordable bird to own, and you can feed them hookbill mixtures or lightly moistened Egg food. If you are interested in breeding the birds, you want to make sure that the hens that are not eating cuttlebone are getting a source of calcium from the soft food you feed them. This will eliminate problems with the egg laying.

You can breed wild-caught Parrotlets. It is not recommended that you own them for any other reason. To begin the breeding process, set up a true pair of a species. You can breed hybrids, but if you want them to be extremely healthy, only breed two of the same species.

Parrotlets can produce during any month of the year. There is no set breeding season which also makes the ownership or breeding of the bird quite convenient. Once you wish to breed them, you do not have to wait to start the process.

Be sure to set up the bird room properly. You can either allow natural light in from large windows that receive plenty of sunlight or you can install full-spectrum lighting in the room. You might want to use a combination of both types of lighting.

You can place the artificial lights in the back of each cage. Try to stick to a regular schedule when using the artificial lights. The lights should come on each morning at the same time and go off each night at the same time. Set the time to work around your schedule. If you need to leave for work at 7 am be sure to turn the lights on then. You might want to leave them on until about 10 pm, but be consistent.

The daytime temperature should not fall under 80 F for the summer months. If you are breeding them in a warm climate, you can house them outside. They will breed in the hotter months of the year in this case.

If you're new to breeding these tiny birds, you can also buy a bonded breeding pair of Parrotlet birds for sale to give you a good start. Try not to place breeding cages too close together or the birds might start fighting with their neighbors. Enjoy the pleasure of breeding Parrotlets.

How To Show Your Dog Who's Boss



Training your dog is an intergral part of providing a good home for it. It also makes for a happier owner because the dog is happy. This article can help you see the benefits of training your dog.

Every dog needs a calm and confident leader to feel secure. Any dog owner can show that he is a strong leader by encouraging and rewarding good behavior. Proving to your pet that you're a strong leader makes training easier and establishes a bond between pet and owner.

The walk can be very hard to master, but with the right practice and patience, your dog will be walking right by your side in no time. Firstly, do not allow them to leave the door first. When you put his leash on, make him sit first or give you his paw. In short, some sort of obedience to get him in the spirit. Then, when you are actually outside, if he begins to walk in front of you, give the leash a quick tug to assert yourself as the one in charge.

Teaching a dog to know its name is the first dog training task a new dog owner should undertake. The name is used in calling the dog and just in getting its attention. Therefore it is more appropriate to choose a short and easily enunciated name than a longer and more confusing one.

If you want to help your dog succeed in his training program, take a moment to try and think like he does. Understanding how your pet views the world can help you make better training decisions for him. The better suited your program is to your dog's personality, the more success you will have while training.

When you are training your dog, make sure you are very patient. Different dog breeds learn at different rates. One dog can learn quickly while another dog will take a long time. If you are impatient you will stress your dog and he will be resistant to your best training efforts.

The key to successful dog training is to start them as soon as possible. No matter how old your dog may be it is never too late to get them started. While it may take a little longer, you can still achieve a great deal of success. You can start training most puppies after they are about 6 weeks old. This is the perfect time to get the ground rules setup for a calmer more obedient dog.

Teach your puppy his name when you first start training him, as this creates a bond between the two of you. Call him by name frequently, and teach him to come when called. You should teach your puppy these words first. Spend ample time with the puppy to create a bond. This will build trust between the puppy and you. This will make him more receptive in receiving advanced training in the future.

When getting a new dog it is important to create a bond between the owner and the dog. One of the best ways to build this bond is by taking the dog on long walks at least two or three times a week. This activity creates a link between owner and pet and will also provide valuable training time.

Create an environment that is learning-friendly for training sessions. Remove distractions such as children, TV or anything else that may pull focus from you. Young children love to help but they can be your biggest hindrance in the process. When distractions are removed you will not have to constantly redirect your pet, and this allows for easier learning.

To help train your dog, you must be consistent in your use of commands. Your dog will remember the way a command sounds, not the context of the command. For example, if you wish to use the command "come" to summon the dog, only use that command. Do not use a command "here", or "get over here" and expect the same result.

Puppy training

Puppy training requires a commitment of time and energy to be successful. Puppies will learn orders after you repeat them for a while. Spending even a small bit of time with the puppy can show it that you are reliable. You will be the alpha in the pack.

Dog Trainer

When looking to hire a dog trainer, finding someone who uses positive training techniques can be very beneficial. Your dog will respond better to praises, treats, and encouragement than to physical or mental agitation. Negative training methods can be very ineffective and cause harm to the animal as well.

It has been said that dog training is an important part of providing for your dog. By reading this article and taking action, you can create a happier and well-behaved dog. He will be happier because he understands what you want him to do. You will be happier because he knows what you expect.

Train Your Pet In The Most Loving And Generous Way

On this planet where life exists, there are a lot of various creations by God that ad to the natural beauty of the environment that surrounds us all over. Talking about the best creations of the Almighty, the living beings inclusive of animals exist on the land with the essence of love and harmony among each other. Many of us love to buy pets and keep them in our home for a life time because not only they prove to be loyal to us but also a great companion that tends to eliminate the loneliness in a persons life.

Tips for pet training
So, here in this piece of article we are going to unveil some of the aspects related to pet training that would be fruitful to you as a pet owner and help you in ways to guide your pet and act as a perfect pet trainer: - Brief your commands: - Once your pet dog or cat is home, set up a suitable place for the intake of his meals and relaxation. Give a clear command once and allow him to follow giving the due respect to time.



Make the pre requisite arrangements: - Buy a hand leash on a prior basis and bring it into usage if the pet whether a dog or a cat does not come to you whenever you call them. Consistency of the rules applied: - If instructing for a particular task, make sure to use the similar words at every time frame in order to avoid any kind of confusion for the pet. Generosity towards the pet: - You need to act generous with your dog, if he performs and completes a task on time, and then appreciate him by presenting a reward. The reward can be in the form of his favorite food, verbal appreciation or a loving ear massage. Readiness of the pet: - Make an analysis about the readiness of your pet, if it is ready to respond in the desirable manner to your command, and then only put your command forward in order to let him comprehend it and counter it in the right manner. Reflect happiness during the training: - our pet is your companion and your chosen training partner, you need calm and keep the tone of your voice up beat and reflect your wide smile at him when he follows your orders with obedience and respect.

Keep in mind the sensitivity level of your pet: - Pets, especially dogs are sensitive to the body language and voice tone so, dont shout on them unnecessarily, otherwise it will lead to upset his mood and lower his self esteem. Consequently, for the next time, you will have to make a lot of efforts to let him understand and follow your instructions with ease.


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Tips For A Better Behaved Dog And A Happier Household



how to potty train puppy

Training your dog is important for a wide variety of reasons, including safety and health concerns, among others. Whether you plan on training your dog yourself or taking the animal to a professional trainer, the following tips can help you to end up with an obedient, well-behaved pet.

If you cannot calmly work with your pet, it is best to put training aside until you have composed your mood. Your dog does not understand bad moods. Confusion can set in with your dog if you become frustrated in trying to work on basics. Patience and kindness are key factors in a dominant leader.

Don't expect too much of your dog, too soon. Puppies will be puppies. That is what makes them so cute. The key to training them to act appropriately, is consistency. Be consistent in immediately reinforcing good behavior and eventually, your dog will get the message. Just don't expect them to become fully trained overnight.

Watch what sort of activities you are encouraging your dog to do. Sometimes we may perform actions with our dog without realizing that they are training them to do something we dislike. If every time your dog chews something up you send him outside, you are teaching him that chewing something up is the key to getting outdoor time. Be careful with the actions you take, especially ones that tend to be consistent practices.

Do not reinforce any negative behaviors accidentally. In basic terms, this means refusing to reward your dog, via attention or treats, for doing any action that you are trying to get them to stop doing. This includes things like petting them when they jump on you at the door.

When training your dog for specific commands, be sure to use the exact same wording during everyday life as you do during training sessions. If you select "down" for "lie down", use "down" every time you want the dog to lie down. Changing up the terminology can confuse your dog and interfere with training.

You should only leave your dog's food out for around fifteen minutes each day after you put it out. This helps get your dog used to a regular routine. Your dog will quickly learn to begin eating his or her food immediately, and as a result, your dog will eat fresher food and not beg for food at other times of the day.

When you are training your dog, remember to take frequent breaks and not try to teach too much all at once. Your dog will quickly become overwhelmed and refuse to follow directions if the training period is too long. So ensure your sanity and your dogs by teaching in small increments.

To teach your dog anything, you need to be consistent. This means you should give the same order every time, and reward or punish your dog in a similar way, all the time. This will help your dog assimilate certain concepts much faster than if you were using a more complex and diverse way of communicating.

When training a dog, it is important not to let the dog ignore a given command. If the owner lets his or her pet disregard a command, the pet will receive inappropriate reinforcement. The dog will start to believe that its owner's commands are optional. This works against the entire purpose of training a dog.

Make sure you listen to your dog. What is he telling you? Your dog's behavior will often give you a window into his mind. Destructive dogs are often bored or anxious. Anxious dogs may act inconsistently with strangers. No matter the trouble, your dog is telling you how he feels when he behaves in situations.

An important key to effective dog training is to always enforce the first command that you give to your dog. It is a mistake to keep repeating the command over and over again. The dog needs to learn that a command requires instant obedience. Do not give the dog the opportunity to disobey. Enforce the first command, and then promptly give a reward and praise.

When training your dog, never forget that he is a dog. It is easy to get frustrated with your pet when he is not learning something simple, but keep in mind that it sounds simple to you in human terms. Try to think like your dog and see things as he does - this might change how you train him, which will in turn positively change how he reacts to the training.

Train a dog through positive reinforcement. Don't yell and punish the dog for bad behavior. Just avoid reinforcing negative behavior. You do not want your pooch to be afraid of you. Positive reinforcement makes your dog want to listen and obey.

If your dog has a problem with play biting or excitement nipping, try giving him the cold shoulder. Mouthing dogs are only reacting to their excitement, so cutting off attention will give him the signal that this is an inappropriate way to show that he is happy. With consistency across members of the household, excitement mouthing can be a thing of the past.

Make sure that your training efforts are well suited for your dog, and that your rewards are appropriate for it's size and personality. If you have a small dog that is timid, rough play might very well be more intimidating than exciting for him!

You need to work on training your dog everyday. Command your dog to get into a seated position prior to being fed, petted or let outside. By constantly reinforcing lessons, your dog will learn that all commands are applicable in all situations. If you train only in specific locations at specific times, you may end up with a dog that only "sits" in the living room at 6 p.m.!

These tips help to explain why it is necessary to ensure that your dog is properly trained. Even if a professional trainer teaches your dog how to behave, in the end, your dog has to listen to you, the owner. By following these tips, you can make sure that your dog always knows who's in charge.

A Beginners Overview Of A Clean And Healthy Aquarium

The best method to keep an aquarium clean is to have all the appropriate devices and use them following a planned maintenance routine. There are a couple of things that every aquarium owner must know to clean an aquarium and keep it in the best possible condition.

People who don't know much about fish tanks might utilize the wrong type of home cleaners to clean their aquariums. This will be damaging for the little environment you are aiming to develop. Excellent pointers for keeping your aquarium clean is to keep the water supply clean by cleaning the water pump. To do so one should always keep the filtering system in mind. An excellent clean filter is what the life of your fish tanks ecosystem depend on. Cleaning the filter too often might also have a negative influence on your fish tanks life. It is important to keep a balance, and to clean your fish tanks filter just when needed or specified by the filters manufacturer. Many aquariums professionals recommend that the accessories in addition to the glass ought to be cleaned at least as often as every two weeks. Cleaning the fish tank accessories and glass avoids algae from developing within it. If the aquarium is made from plastic materials then cleaning ought to be performed on a shorter time period, maybe weekly.

When carrying out upkeep operations to your aquarium, you should always remember a few things to make sure that things are going smoothly inside your fish tank. Even if it is running ok, inspect the air pump to check that it is working fine. It is essential that there is suffices oxygen for the fish but also to allow for proper circulation of the water.

Another thing that will guarantee longer life for your fish tank is guaranteeing that the water is changed frequently. By doing this your fish and plants will live longer and your aquarium will certainly look better. You must keep a clean aquarium, and as a minimum wash the gravel that sits on the bottom of your aquarium. This process requires that you carefully relocate all contents of the fish tank including the fish. Its viability depends highly on how many as well as what kind of fish you have. Keeping a clean aquarium does not just entail cleaning it each week or two weeks. You must also think about obtaining a water cleanser. There are numerous kinds of cleansers out there for different kinds of fish tanks. When you utilize a water purifier to clean the water contents of your fish tank you ought to let it mix and sit with the water to allow it to dissolve. Constantly remember to check out the instructions of every item utilized if you are brand new to aquariums.

Take care; keep a schedule for maintenance operations and treat your aquarium with love and it will eventually thrive.

Safety is important when cleaning an aquarium. Turn off any aquarium heaters when water is changed if it would uncover any part of the heaters sensors or heating elements above the water line. This applies to most water changes. Then after a water change wait at least 15-20 minutes for the water and the heater temperatures to equalize before re-starting the aquarium heater. Otherwise you may burn out the heater.

How to Control Pests in your Organic Garden

Pest control involves the use of natural or chemical solution to control or completely eliminate pests in the garden. The problem is that these pests/ insects have benefits to the garden. Therefore, using chemical methods of control will only rob you of the unparalleled benefits of the pests and even weeds. I know you are wondering if I understand the pest menace, the answer is yes. I have been stung by wasps; some of the most prominent pests in most gardens. However, I understand that I need thse insects so I prefer to control rather than completely eliminated, therefore, I utilize my wasp trap. In the case of weeds, methods such as crop rotation and mulching will reduce the weeds, but, your pet rabbit can also use these weeds as a source of food, all you have to do is use excellent rabbit hutch plans to build an outdoor hutch with a good feeding area.

Organic gardening thrives on the notion of balance of nature, so much so that some gardeners have gone to the extent of building a bug hotel to promote controlled insect presence in the farm for the obvious benefits. There exists an array of options available to farmers that need a pest control option. Most importantly, control begins with the prevention of pest infestation in the first place. Prevention is truly better than cure. However, if you still have problems with pests you can then progress to non-lethal/ natural methods of pest control.

Pest control aims on imparting a balance of nature that will eventually lead to better yields and fertile soils for an organic gardener.

We believe the logical solution to organic pest control is to create a balance of organisms in your yard or garden. In a diverse ecosystem pest populations are regulated naturally. Development of this balance relies on products that minimize harm to pollinators and other beneficial insects. Traps & Lures are used to identify the presence of pests, and to help control them. If garden pests are present the least-toxic solutions should be used first — Barriers & Repellents, Beneficial Insects, Biological Pesticides, Soaps and Oils — with the more toxic (but short lived) Botanical or Natural Insecticides used only if necessary.

Sourced from: http://www.planetnatural.com/product-category/natural-pest-control/

The prevention of pest infestation in your garden is an important part of control. The following are some methods of prevention:


• Build healthy soil with compost and mulch – soil organisms protect plants from many disease and insect pest problems.

• Select pest-resistant plants, and put them in the sun/shade and soil conditions they like.

• Clean up diseased plants, and compost dead plants in fall to reduce hiding places for insect pests.

• Pull weeds before they go to seed and spread.

• Use a variety of plants, so if pests attack one plant, others can fill its place.

Sourced from: http://www.savingwater.org/lawngarden/naturalpestweedcontrol/index.htm

In spite of the preventive methods, some pests/ insects will still be found in the garden. In minimal populations the pests are good for an organic farmer but in most cases the population is too high. The increased numbers of pests can be controlled using the following methods:

1. Floating Row Covers

This translucent, white, porous polyester fabric acts as an insect barrier, while letting in up to 80 percent of the available light. You can buy either lightweight or heavyweight types—you’ll want to use the lighter one for controlling pests in summer, because it will keep out bugs without cooking your plants. The heavier reportedly traps more warmth and so is better for season extending..

Use floating row covers as temporary barriers to get plants past critical stages, such as when they are seedlings or while the pest you are deterring is most active. Of course, you could keep the crop covered for its entire life span, although this isn't a good option for crops that require insect pollination.

Pests controlled: Row covers are especially useful against mobile pests, including cabbage moths (imported cabbageworms), Colorado potato beetles, most aphids, Mexican bean beetles, flea beetles, squash bugs, and tomato hornworms. Combine row covers with crop rotation if you’re dealing with pests that overwinter in the soil.

2. Pheromone Traps

Many insects produce powerful smells called pheromones that they use to lure the opposite sex. Scientists have duplicated several of these scents and used them to bait special traps for luring the target insect. But because these "sex" traps attract mostly male insects, they aren't very effective controls. They're useful as an early warning that a particular pest is moving into your area.

Pests monitored: Pheromone lures are available for diamondback moths and moths that produce armyworms, cabbage loopers, corn earworms, European corn borers, tomato pinworms, and cutworms.

3. Sticky Traps

These traps—a rigid material of a particular color that's coated with a sticky substance—are used to catch insects that are attracted to that color. To be effective, the traps must be clean and sticky. Also, use at least one trap (hung at plant height and close to the plant) every 3 to 5 feet.

You can buy packaged sticky traps or make them yourself.

Pests controlled: Yellow traps attract whiteflies, fruit flies, male winged scales, leafhoppers, fungus gnats, midges, male winged mealybugs and leaf miners, thrips, psyllids, and winged aphids. White traps lure whiteflies, plant bugs, cucumber beetles, and flea beetles. Light blue traps attract flower thrips, and red spheres attract the flies whose eggs hatch into apple maggots.

4. Bacillus Thuringiensis

Bacillus thuringiensis (BT) is a naturally occurring bacterium found in the soil. There are many different types, and some can be used to kill a specific insect or class of insects. When a target insect takes a bite of a plant sprayed with the type of BT the insect is sensitive to, the insect gets infected and stops feeding. Inside the insect, the bacterium releases a protein that causes the pest to die within a few days.

Most formulations of this bacterium are sold as a liquid or wettable powder that you dilute with water and then spray on the plants you want to protect. Some products are sold in the form of dusts or granules that you dust directly on plants. Because BT usually is effective only against the non-adult stage of pest insects, you must time applications carefully. As soon as you spot the pest larvae, thoroughly coat the affected plants with the spray or dust.

Pests controlled: The most common strain of the bacterium—BT var. kurstaki (sometimes called BT var. berliner)—kills hundreds of different kinds of caterpillars, including cabbage loopers, tomato hornworms, cabbageworms, corn earworms, European corn borers, and squash vine borers. BT var. tenebrionis (a new name—until recently this one was called BT var. san diego) kills Colorado potato beetles.

5. Parasitic Nematodes

Don't confuse these beneficial nematodes with destructive root-knot nematodes. Once inside a pest, parasitic nematodes release bacteria that kills the insect host within a day or two. Although these good nematodes occur naturally in the soil, there usually aren't enough of them in one place to control pests that have gotten out of hand in your garden. But you can buy them by the billions for use as a living—and organic, safe, and nontoxic—form of pest control.

Pests controlled: Nematodes attack and invade armyworms, corn earworms, squash vine borers, soil-dwelling grubs (including Japanese beetle larvae), weevils, root maggots, and cutworms

Sourced from: http://www.rodalesorganiclife.com/garden/organic-pest-control-techniques